Monthly Archives: November 2017

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Plagiarism for Executives: a Guide

Plagiarism is defined as:
The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own.
New Oxford Dictionary of English

These are all examples of plagiarism:

  • Copying text & images from a website, film or book and passing them off as your own work
  • Paraphrasing text and not citing the original source
  • Handing in a previously submitted piece of work from another subject
  • Copying the work of others
     
    Avoiding plagiarism
     

  • Plan your work
  • Use multiple sources
  • Take notes by paraphrasing & summarising
  • If you use exact words & phrases use “quotation marks”
  • Do not copy & paste from the internet – read and then make notes without looking at the screen
  • Do not copy work from anyone (but especially not well-known creators)
  •  
    Unconscious Plagiarism
     
    Cryptomnesia (hidden memory) occurs when a forgotten memory returns without it being recognized as such by the subject, who believes it is something new and original.

    Examples of Creative Plagiarism

  • Shia LaBoeuf copying almost word for word and scene by scene Daniel Clowes’ comic strip Justin M. Damiano and creating a short movie called Howard Cantour.com
  • Melania trump plagiarising Michelle Obama’s speech (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/election-us-2016-36832095)
  • Beyonce has been accused of plagiarising lesser-known artists over the course of her career (http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/beyonce-sued-over-lemonade-trailer-singers-history-plagiarism-complaints-1564560)
  • When George Harrison released My Sweet Lord in 1969 he (perhaps inadvertently) copied the melody for He’s So Fine by the Chiffons. While the judge ruled that the plagiarism was accidental George was still liable for half a million dollars in royalties.
  • #TeenLibrarian Monthly November 2017

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    When you don’t like the story the world is telling you, tell a different story.

    50 leading authors and illustrators have come together to produce a crowd-funded collection of stories, poetry and artwork with all profits going to UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency.

    Alt-Write: creative reactions to uncertain times is a collection of new previously unpublished stories*, poems and illustrations from leading names in the children’s book world.

    The past year has delivered a tumultuous series of world events that has left people reeling. Authors and illustrators asked themselves what they could do to help and the answer was to do what we do best, to write and draw and create.

    When you don’t like the story the world is telling, tell a different story.

    Our role is to debunk xenophobic myths and make people think, help them discover the natural human quality of empathy.
    Alan Gibbons, author

    It’s wonderful that so many great literary voices are contributing their creativity and compassion to this project, and showing that they stand with refugees
    Laura Padoan, a spokesperson for UNHCR.

    Contributors to this new collection include

  • Carnegie award-winning author Frank Cottrell Boyce
  • Poet Laureate Carol Ann Duffy
  • Scottish Makar and Guardian-award winning poet Jackie Kay
  • Winner of the Waterstones Children’s Book Prize for Older Children 2017 and The Bookseller prize, Patrice Lawrence
  • Rising star and multiple award winning illustrator Sarah McIntyre
  • Carnegie and Guardian prize winning novelist Susan Price
  • Former Children’s Laureate and three-times winner of the Kate Greenaway award, Chris Riddell
  • Celebrated poet and former Children’s Laureate Michael Rosen.
  • Best-selling illustrator Nick Sharratt
  • Guardian prize winning novelist and poet, Alex Wheatle the Brixton Bard
  • Winner of a World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement, Jane Yolen
  • And a host of other leading, award-winning and talented authors and illustrators
     
    In the first week of our campaign
     

  • 8 of our authors have been nominated for this year’s Carnegie award and 1 for the Greenaway award. They are: Alan Gibbons, Mary Hoffman, Patrice Lawrence, Tanya Landman, Irfan Master, Michael Rosen, Chris Priestley, Alex Wheatle and Jane Ray.
  • Neil Gaiman and Cory Doctorow have both tweeted about the book
  • 2 of our illustrators (Chris Riddell and John Shelley) have been nominated for the Astrid Lingren Memorial Award
     
    What’s new
     

  • Original Jane Ray artwork as a crowd-funding reward.
  • Promotional video from Alex Wheatle reading his hard-hitting new poem And I Still Hear Nina Singing Mississipi Goddam
     
    The #altwrite team
     
    Editors Mary Hoffman and Rhiannon Lassiter are a mother and daughter team with a proven track record in publishing. In 2003 they co-edited Lines in the Sand: New writing on war and peace published by Frances Lincoln in the UK and The Disinformation Press in the US. All the contributors’ royalties and the publishers’ profits went to UNICEF’s emergency appeal for the children of Iraq.
     
    Links
     
    Campaign page on IndieGoGo: http://igg.me/at/alt-write
    Website: http://www.alt-write.org
    Twitter: http://twitter.com/altwriteproject

  • What is up with World Book Day Limited?

    World Book Day Limited is a registered charity in the UK (charity no. 1079257)

    According to the Charity Commission, the object of the Charity is to advance the education of the public, particularly by assisting in the promotion of reading among children and young people. The Charity will particularly promote World Book Day, which shall comprise a series of events each year, or any other such event, the purpose of which is to promote and encourage reading among children and young people
    [source: http://beta.charitycommission.gov.uk/charity-details?regid=1079257&subid=0]

    Indeed WBD Ltd claims that: World Book Day is a celebration! It’s a celebration of authors, illustrators, books and (most importantly) it’s a celebration of reading. In fact, it’s the biggest celebration of its kind, designated by UNESCO as a worldwide celebration of books and reading, and marked in over 100 countries all over the world.
    [source: http://www.worldbookday.com/about/]

    Over the years I have been a massive fan and supporter of the work undertaken by WBD, giving all children and young people the opportunity to own a book they can choose themselves. I was disappointed in the lack of writers of BAME heritage for the 20th anniversary this year but the selection of titles was accessible for readers from toddlers to teens with a range of genres to appeal to most tastes.

    The 2018 list by comparison is sadly lacking; the preponderance of celebrity authors on the list has attracted criticism from authors, librarians and other observers. The abundance of humour texts comes at the expense of other genres and there is only one non-fiction title. Add to this the complete lack of YA titles and, despite protestations from WBD Ltd that “news about the YA list would be made public in coming weeks”, we have heard and seen nothing.
    [source: https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/oct/02/childrens-authors-slam-celebrity-heavy-world-book-day-lineup]

    One may argue that children and young people are still able choose one of the WBD Ltd Books with their book token, and, if none of the books take their fancy they can put the token towards purchasing a full-price book of their choice. This argument is specious as it excludes children from families living in poverty and teens who, as they currently have nothing to choose from, may be forced to look towards the shelves of full-priced books. Many young readers are not able to afford a full-price title, even one with a £1 book token discount.

    There were 3.9 million children living in poverty in the UK in 2014-15. That’s 28 per cent of children, or 9 in a classroom of 30. [source: http://www.cpag.org.uk/child-poverty-facts-and-figures] and this number is projected to rise by 2020 [same source]

    Returning to the claim that World Book Day is a celebration of authors, illustrators, books… and reading, an interview from 2014 that the American Booksellers Association held with Tim Godfray of the Booksellers Association of the UK and Ireland makes for interesting reading.

    One of the questions:

    BTW: What are some of the marketing or advertising activities underway in the U.K. to promote bricks-and-mortar bookstores to consumers? How successful has the Books Are My Bag campaign been?

    Garnered an interesting answer (excerpted from the full answer)

    TG: …One of our biggest promotions is World Book Day. One of our companies in the BA group prints 14 million special World Book Day book tokens. These are given to children through their schools and then the children take these World Book Day book tokens into the shops around World Book Day and they can exchange the token either for a free paperback book, which has been produced especially for the promotion by the publishers, or they can get a pound off virtually any purchase in the shop. It’s more powerful than just seeing an advertisement on a magazine page: it actually encourages children with their parents to go physically into a bookshop. World Book Day has been for us a really, really significant success.
    [source: http://www.bookweb.org/news/qa-tim-godfray-booksellers-association-uk-and-ireland]

    So rather than a celebration as claimed, it is quite blatant that Booksellers are using World Book Day as a marketing ploy to get people into bookshops (anyone that has innocently asked if it is possible for bookstores to come into schools on the day with a selection of WBD Ltd Books will already know this of course).

    Now I have no problem with booksellers trying to stem the destruction caused by the rampant growth of online retailers, but the organisers of World Book Day Ltd. need to make a decision:

  • either they admit that they are merely a marketing tool for increasing sales in bookshops and are putting their focus on young readers who have parents/carers that will bring them to bookshops to get a WBD Ltd book or spend more on another book of choice
     
    or
     

  • they step up to the plate as an organisation dedicated to celebrating authors, illustrators and reading for all children. If they are for all children they need to show this by including a choice of titles for older readers or a firm date when they will announce this. If this is not possible, they have to let observers know that something went wrong and no YA titles were ordered and that they will do better next year.
  •  
    Failure to do this and the current silence in the face of growing questions is damaging the WBD brand.

    You can view the mostly amazing lists of books published in support of World book Day from 2012 to 2018 courtesy of the Internet Archive here:

  • WBD Ltd 2012 Books: https://web.archive.org/web/20120623005928/http://www.worldbookday.com:80/books/
  • WBD Ltd 2013 Books: https://web.archive.org/web/20131005203804/http://www.worldbookday.com/books/
  • WBD Ltd 2014 Books: https://web.archive.org/web/20140626054427/http://www.worldbookday.com/books/
  • WBD Ltd 2015 Books: https://web.archive.org/web/20150817194141/http://worldbookday.com/books/
  • WBD Ltd 2016 Books: https://web.archive.org/web/20160304062712/http://www.worldbookday.com/books/
  • WBD Ltd 2017 Books: https://web.archive.org/web/20170308225854/http://www.worldbookday.com/books/
  • WBD Ltd 2018 Books:
    http://www.worldbookday.com/books/
  • DCMS Response to Are you there John, it is me Matt!

    On the 17th October I sent an e-mail to the Parliamentary Under Secretary for the DCMS John Glen. You can read it here:
    Are you there John it is me Matt!

    I have just received a response from a member of the Ministerial Support Team, they appear to have selectively answered parts and ignored other sections of my missive. I have redacted the name of the team member that responded on behalf of John Glen, but you can read the response in full below.

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